Articles Posted in Employment

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The Supreme Court's LGBTQ ruling, explained in 5 sentences - Vox

LGBTQ advocates gathered in front of the Supreme Court on October 8, 2019. Erik McGregor/LightRocket via Getty Images

Just days after the Trump administration formally rolled back policies that protected LGBTQ+ patients from discrimination,[1] the Supreme Court issued an opinion clearly stating that Title VII protects homosexual or transgender people from discrimination in the workplace. In a 6-3 opinion in Bostock v. Clayton County, the Court announced, “[a]n individual’s homosexuality or transgender status is not relevant to employment decisions.”

Bostock considered three different cases stemming from discriminatory terminations. The first plaintiff, Gerald Bostock, was fired from his job after he participated in a gay recreational softball league. Donald Zarda, who worked as a skydiving instructor, was fired just days after mentioning he was gay. Finally, Aimee Stephens was fired from her position at a funeral home after informing her employers she would live and work full-time as a woman.

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Women work more than men work for the same amount of pay. On average, what a man earns in one week, a woman earns on Tuesday of the following week. Equal Pay Day, a “holiday” that symbolizes how far into the year women must work to earn what men earned in the previous year, falls on a Tuesday as a “nod” to the “extra” time women work for equal pay. This year, Equal Pay Day falls on Tuesday, April 2nd.

Started by the National Committee on Pay Equity (NCPE) in 1996, Equal Pay Day began as a public awareness event to shed light on the gap between men’s and women’s wages.The Committee’s Report, The Wage Gap Over Time, illustrates how slowly this divide has closed over the years. For example, according to this report, it took 50 years to gain an average increase of 18 cents: in 1963, full-time working women made 59 cents to the man’s dollar; in 2010, this was marked up to 77 cents. In 2016 and 2017, full-time workers reported between 79.6 and 80.5 cents to the man’s dollar. The Institute for Women’s Policy Research estimates, based on its research, that women won’t receive equal pay until 2059 (40 years to go).

The most recent study by The Institute for Women’s Policy Research, Still a Man’s Labor Market, finds that women earn 49% of what men earn (Nov. 28, 2018). From 2001-2015, this gap was at 51%, and in studies from earlier years it was at 38% and 19%. We are rising, but at what cost?

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